CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 1 DECLARATION OF RIGHTS
(a) The State shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential
treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race,
sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation
of public employment, public education, or public contracting.
(b) This section shall apply only to action taken after
the section's effective date.
(c) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as prohibiting
bona fide qualifications based on sex which are reasonably
necessary to the normal operation of public employment, public
education, or public contracting.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as invalidating
any court order or consent decree which is in force as of
the effective date of this section.
(e) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as prohibiting
action which must be taken to establish or maintain eligibility
for any federal program, where ineligibility would result
in a loss of federal funds to the State.
(f) For the purpose of this section, "State" shall
include, but not necessarily be limited to, the State itself,
any city, county, city and county, public university system,
including the University of California, community college
district, school district, special instrumentality of or
within the State.
(g) The remedies available for violations of this section
shall be the same, regardless of the injured party's race,
sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin, as are otherwise
available for violations of then-existing California antidiscrimination
(h) This section shall be self-executing. If any part or
parts of this section are found to be in conflict with federal
law or the United States Constitution, the section shall
be implemented to the maximum extent that federal law and
the United States Constitution permit. Any provision held
invalid shall be severable from the remaining portions of