**4A Fundamentals
of
Electronics IA (3 units) CSU** Lecture 3 hours.

**Recommended Corequisite**:
Electronics 4B.

The first class for electronics majors. Atomic theory, voltage, resistance, current, energy and power, Ohm's law, series-parallel circuits, voltage and current dividers. Network theorems and applications of Kirchhoff's laws. Voltage and current sources, conductors, resistors, batteries, magnetism, D.C. characteristics of capacitors and inductors. Computer aided schematic capture and circuit analysis.

**4B Fundamentals
of
Electronics IB (1 unit) CSU** Laboratory 3 hours.

**Recommended****
Corequisite: **Electronics 4A.

Construction of basic DC circuits for the
study of Ohm’s law, series and parallel, network theorems including
Kirchhoffs Law,
superposition, mesh, Thevenin’s and Norton’s. Wiring practice
from
schematics. Use of laboratory instruments including analog and
digital
multimeters and power supplies. Computer aided schematic entry
and
circuit analysis.

**Electronics 4A
Course
Outline**

- Describe electricity fundamentals including atomic theory, law of charges, conductors, insulators, and semiconductors. Discuss safety and introduce OSHA manuals and regulations.
- Calculate Ohms law parameters including voltage, current and
resistance. Calculate power. Explain the definitions of
voltage, current, resistance,
and power. Describe ways to produce electricity. Compare wire
sizes and types of cable. Given wire length and gauge, solve for
wire resistance.

- Series Circuits: Solve for the voltage across, current through,
and
power dissipated by elements in a series circuit. Diagram the 3
wire
distribution system including hot, neutral and ground. Calculate
the consequence of open
neutral as applied to loads connected to a 3 wire distribution
system. Examine and explain the operation of fuses and circuit
breakers.

- Parallel Circuits: Solve for the voltage across, current
through,
and power dissipated by elements in a parallel circuit. Draw
schematic diagrams. Calculate the affect of short or open
circuits.

- Series-Parallel Circuits: Calculate the voltage across, current
through,
and power dissipated by elements in a series-parallel circuit.
Calculate circuit parameters with various components shorted or
opened. Generate schematic diagrams illustrating practical
applications.

- Kirchhoffs Laws: Utilize Kirchhoffs current and voltage
laws to practice solving series-parallel circuits.

- Voltage Dividers and Current Dividers: Utilize the voltage
divider
equation and current divider equation in solving series-parallel
circuits. Calculate the affect of placing a load across a voltage
divider.

- Calculate Series-Parallel Circuits that include
Potentiometers and Rheostats. Draw and describe the schematic
notation used with potentiometers and rheostats. Calculate
maximum power transfer. Calculate circuit parameters when using
potentiometers and rheostats.

- Direct Current Meters: Design a current meter and a voltmeter. Calculate the the loading affect on circuit parameters when placing current and voltmeters in a circuit.
- Network Theories: Calculate the voltage across, current through, and power dissipated by each element in a dual power supply circuit. Solve circuit problems using Mesh and Simultaneous Equations.
- Network Theories: Calculate the voltage across, current through, and power dissipated by each element in a dual power supply circuit using the superposition theorem and determine the internal resistance of voltage sources.
- Calculate the voltage across, current through, and power
dissipated by each element in a circuit. Calculate and compare an
equivalent Thevenin constant voltage source to the original circuit.

- Solve sample circuits using Norton’s theorem. Diagram a constant current source. Convert a constant current source to a constant voltage, and a constant voltage source to a constant current source.
- Solve for the circuit parameters found in a Wheatstone
bridge circuit using Thevenin's theorem. Design a thermometer
using a thermistor in a Wheatstone bridge and calculate circuit values
using Thevenin's theorem

- Explain the DC characteristics of capacitors and
inductors. Draw schematic diagrams that would generate transient
response curves for capacitors and inductors and plot the curves.

- Discuss safety. Measure resistance using digital multimeters and determine resistance using the color code. Calculate resistor tolerance and compare to the color code value.
- Voltage measurement: Set up a DC power supply and measure the output voltage. Connect batteries in series aiding and opposing, parallel, and series/parallel. Measure voltages across the battery systems. Draw battery symbols and note polarities. Show examples of battery types and discuss applications.
- Ohms Law: Calculate and measure the current through various
resistor values while supplying various voltage values to prove Ohm's
Law. Plot curves of measured current and calculated power
versus voltage for a given resistance.

- Series Circuits: Calculate and measure the voltage across,
current through, and
resistance of elements in a series circuit. Plot voltage vs.
current
and power vs. voltage curves. Use a schematic capture and circuit
analysis computer program to compare measured and calculated results.

- Parallel Circuits: Calculate and measure the voltage across, current through, and (calculate the) power dissipated by elements in a parallel circuit. Use the parallel resistor equations to solve for total parallel resistance and compare to measured total resistance. Use a schematic capture and circuit analysis computer program to compare measured and calculated results.
- Series-Parallel Circuits: Calculate and measuring the voltage across, current through, and (calculate the) power dissipated by elements in a series-parallel circuit. Solve for total parallel resistance and compare to measured total resistance. Use a schematic capture and circuit analysis computer program to compare measured and calculated results.
- Kirchhoffs Laws: Build using a breadboard, a series-parallel circuit and measure parameters including voltage, current and resistance. Restate Kirchhoff's laws. Use a schematic capture and circuit analysis computer program to compare measured and calculated results.
- Maximum Power Transfer: Measure, calculate, and chart maximum
power transfer using
circuit
construction and computer aided circuit analysis software.
Draw Potentiometer and Rheostat connections, calculate and measure
circuit parameters.

- Meters: Design and construct a DC current meter and a DC
voltmeter.
Prove
their operation by taking circuit measurements. Calculate and
Measure the loading affects of introducing current and voltmeters into
a circuit. Safe connection of voltage and current measuring
instruments.

- Circuit Construction: Build a light emitting diode flasher
circuit using an integrated
circuit. Generate tones and view waveforms on an
oscilloscope. Search the internet for tutorials related to the
integrated circuit.

- Network Theories: Calculate and build a DC circuit that is solved using Kirchhoffs laws. Measure circuit parameters to prove Kirchhoffs voltage and current laws. Use a schematic capture and circuit analysis computer program to compare measured and calculated results.
- Superposition Theorem: Build a dual power supply DC circuit. Calculate and measure the DC parameters using the superposition theorem. Use a schematic capture and circuit analysis computer program to compare measured and calculated results.
- Thevenin's Theorem: Build a circuit that illustrates Thevenin’s theorem. Measure and calculate circuit parameters. Use a schematic capture and circuit analysis computer program to compare measured and calculated results.
- Bridge Circuits: Build a Wheatstone bridge circuit and measure circuit parameters. Use a schematic capture and circuit analysis computer program to compare measured and calculated results.
- Capstone Project: Perform lab performance demonstration.